This Essay argues that third-party data collection, particularly of administrative complaints and departmental audit information, holds greater promise than lawsuit data collection. It does so by asserting that third-party data collection is more useful for three reasons. First, third-party data collection may prevent manipulation by individual police officers and law enforcement agencies. Second, it may assure that police behavioral trends are identified. Lastly, third-party data collection may help to deter published § 1983 cases. This Essay, however, only models and tests the final claim.
3 Wake Forest Law Rev. Online 1 (2013)